Do you have dry, flaky skin, insatiable thirst, and a frequent need to urinate? These could be symptoms of diabetes, a chronic illness that can lead to severe complications such as nerve damage, blindness, and heart disease. Fortunately, the primary care physicians at Metropolitan Comprehensive Medical Center in San Diego, California -- are highly experienced in helping their patients manage diabetes. Call or book an appointment online today to learn more about diabetes.
Every time you eat, your liver releases a potent hormone called insulin into your bloodstream. Insulin shuttles glucose — the sugar energy from food — directly into your cells.
Sometimes, you can’t produce enough insulin to process all that glucose. Other times, your cells resist insulin and therefore can’t absorb the life-sustaining sugar. If you develop either of these conditions, you have diabetes.
You won't feel the impact of diabetes overnight. In fact, most of the degenerative diseases associated with diabetes take their toll over the course of years and might evade early detection. That’s why it is such an insidious illness. Conditions closely associated with diabetes include:
When your blood-sugar levels rise, systems across your whole body are impacted. That leads to the typical symptoms of diabetes, which include:
There are several types of diabetes with varying causes and severity.
Type 1 Diabetes
In this genetically based disorder, the immune system attacks insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. Type 1 diabetes is typically diagnosed in childhood.
Type 2 Diabetes
With type 2 diabetes, muscle cells and other tissues resist insulin and are unable to take in enough glucose. Type 2 diabetes is often related to sedentary living and weight gain. Prediabetes typically precedes it, a condition where blood sugar levels are not yet high enough to be called diabetes.
Sometimes, hormones released during pregnancy make a fetus’s cells resist insulin. This is called gestational diabetes. The issue usually disappears after birth.
Because normal blood sugar levels vary, diabetes isn't diagnosable with just one test. To more accurately gauge your levels, Dr. Wong does two blood draws spaced a few months apart.
If the average levels in the A1C blood tests exceed 6.5%, then it is likely you have diabetes. Prediabetes levels range from 5.7% to 6.4%, while readings below 5.7% are normal.
Patients with type 1 diabetes need to give themselves insulin injections, have regular blood sugar screenings, and follow strict dietary guidelines.
For patients with type 2 diabetes, Dr. Wong recommends dietary modifications, regular blood sugar screenings, and when necessary, insulin injections.
With the right treatment, diabetes is manageable. If you notice any symptoms of diabetes, call or book an appointment online for a consultation with Dr. Wong.